Victor Sabani Essay Sample

Given the scenario of a healthcare organisation. reply the undermentioned assessment inquiries from a hazard direction position:

1. Of the listed hazards. menaces. and exposures identified in the tabular array above. which one requires a catastrophe recovery program and concern continuity program to keep continued operations during a ruinous outage? The one menace that would necessitate a DRP or a BC would hold to be if a fire destroyed the primary informations centre.

2. Which sphere represents the greatest hazard and uncertainness to an organisation?

The sphere with the greatest hazard to an organisation is the user sphere.

3. Which sphere requires rigorous entree controls and encoding for connectivity to corporate resources from place? The distant entree sphere should hold stringent controls.

4. Which sphere requires one-year security consciousness preparation and employee background cheques for sensitive places to assist extenuate hazard from employee sabotage?

The LAN sphere because you have users and workstations below it and if security clearance to manage server information is needed it can be obtained.

5. Which domains need package exposure appraisals to extenuate hazard from package exposures? Workstation sphere

6. Which sphere requires AUPs to minimise unneeded User initiated Internet traffic and can be monitored and controlled by web content filters? The WAN sphere

The Role of Media Essay Sample

The word media means different things depending on how it is used. Media is the plural signifier of the word medium. A medium is a method of pass oning information. amusement. or other messages. Television is one popular medium. Radio. the cyberspace. and cell phones are all illustrations of normally used media. The term mass media refers to methods of pass oning with big Numberss of people. A batch of media exists strictly for amusement. such as films and telecasting situation comedies. But when you hear the phrase “the media. ” normally it is mentioning to the beginnings of our intelligence and information about current events. Paying attending to the media is how we stay informed about what’s traveling on in the universe around us and what our authorities is making.

The Media as Gatekeeper
A gatekeeper stands guard at a gate and decides who gets to go through through and who doesn’t. In its function as gatekeeper. the media decides which narratives and issues are of import plenty to have public attention—and which aren’t. As a citizen. it is of import for you to recognize there are many serious events and issues you will ne’er hear about on the eventide intelligence. Each intelligence mercantile establishment has its ain standards for make up one’s minding which narratives get through the gate and into the public oculus. To understand why. you need to understand two things: the media is a concern. and the media is about ever biased.

Gatekeeper: “B” is for Business
Most people get their intelligence from telecasting. wireless. or a newspaper ( either print or online ) . With the exclusion of PBS. the Public Broadcasting System. most are commercial or for-profit beginnings. They make money by selling clip or infinite to advertizers. But advertizers won’t wage for ads cipher will see. so for-profit media must do the intelligence every bit exciting as possible to pull tonss of viewing audiences. But let’s face it: News plans are non ever every bit exciting as. say. action movies. In order to last in today’s civilization. telecasting intelligence must maintain things short. fast paced. and exciting. On-the-hour wireless intelligence is even shorter. Narratives most likely to acquire through the gate are those that are the most absorbing ( of all time inquire why the “news” is full of auto clangs and house fires? ) or that affect the most figure of people. If a narrative can’t be told in a speedy. 15-second sound bite. it’s likely to be left outside the gate.

Gatekeeper: “B” is for Biased
Biased agencies prefering one position over another. As a human being. it is impossible to be wholly indifferent even if you try. The media is made up of human existences ; hence. even when media mercantile establishments try to be indifferent. they’re non ever successful. Bias may do the media to open the gate to some narratives alternatively of others or to describe narratives in a manner that is weighted toward one side. There are many causes of prejudice. The most common among media beginnings is being more politically broad ( tilting toward the Democrats ) or conservative ( tilting toward the Republicans ) .

The Media as Agenda-Setter
Because of its function as gatekeeper. the media is mostly responsible for make up one’s minding what issues society discusses in the populace sphere. That means the media besides determines which issues are on the public docket. which is the to-do list of issues the public agrees are a precedence. An issue won’t acquire on the public docket unless it is being discussed in the populace sphere. and it won’t be discussed in the populace sphere if cipher has heard about it. The Media as Watchdog

A existent watchdog stands as a guard and barks aloud to alarm the proprietor if there is something incorrect. In its function as watchdog. the media keeps ticker on the authorities and others in power. It speaks out to alarm the populace if something happens that shouldn’t. Local intelligence Stationss frequently have a section in which they investigate jobs for people. Entire. hour-long intelligence shows are devoted to exposes. which are narratives designed to expose wrongdoing. Government functionaries who engage in bad behaviour know they will be on every intelligence show and newspaper in the state if they are caught.

Although a watchdog will bark when there is something incorrect. most of the clip the watchdog merely tickers. Thankss to the media. we live in a universe where we can turn on the telecasting and watch our authorities in action at any given minute. Stations such as C-SPAN broadcast activity straight from the floor of Congress for everyone to see. Simply describing information is playing watchdog. excessively. Without the media. we would non cognize what is go oning behind closed doors. The Media’s Audience: You

A watchdog doesn’t do any good if cipher is paying attending. The populace sphere and the public docket both depend on the same thing— the populace. which is made up of people like you. If the media reported an event and cipher watched or responded. it would hold no influence at all. In the same manner. the public influences the media because the media can’t map without peoples’ attending. How people respond to the media’s coverage can impact which narratives get through the gate. The media’s function as agenda-setter is controversial. Some people don’t believe for-profit corporations should put our public docket.

They worry that many of import issues will ne’er acquire public attending. Some issues merely aren’t exciting adequate to vie with amusement. Others are excessively complex to suit into a short sound bite. Although the populace decides which issues to care approximately. the media merely tells the populace about a few of the issues that exist. Therefore. people worry that the populace does non truly hold much of a pick about what issues are of import. Peoples besides worry that because the media is biased. it influences the public docket toward one manner of thought over another.

The Argument of the “Lifeboat Ethics” Essay Sample

In the text of “Lifeboat Ethical motives: The Case against Helping the Poor. ” Garrett Hardin introduces the lifeboat moralss. which is in complete antithesis to the humanitarianism of assisting people in demand. To province his point of position. the writer makes the metaphor of a lifeboat and divides the universe into rich states and hapless states. The rich states seems like people inside the lifeboat. while the hapless 1s are people outside the boat. And so tonss of premises are made. to exemplify the injury and danger for rich states to assist those hapless 1s. At the beginning. Hardin introduces the metaphor of a lifeboat to depict the chief statement of “The Case Against Helping the Poor. ” He starts with a simple comparing between the proportions of rich states and hapless states. The metaphor. a lifeboat full of rich people can assist the readers visualize the first object in the scene. lifeboat. Every lifeboat has a limited capacity and resources which are merely plenty for a little figure of people. But the environing swimmers. hapless people. who want to acquire onto the lifeboat. are uncountable. However. it comes to me that the lifeboat moralss is so pathetic since it is based on a wholly incorrect metaphor of rich states and hapless states. It seems that in the metaphor rich states are playing the function of King while hapless states become paupers that could lend nil but merely delay for aid.

This metaphor is so unjust because it wholly distorts the relationship and exaggerates the differences between rich states and hapless states. As we know. in the modern society no individual state could last without the premiss of intercommunication and common benefit. Even for the wealthiest and strongest state the United States. imports and foreign aid are rather necessary. For illustration. as one of the biggest consumers of gasolene in the universe. every twelvemonth the United States needs to import plentifulness of gasolene from Middle East. which might be considered as hapless states. otherwise the American economic would fall in quickly. In this instance. how could the rich states ever be the people inside the lifeboat or savior for others? Garrett Hardin so argues that our planet faces the job of overpopulation. The reproduction rate in hapless states is much higher than in rich states. Therefore. while population of hapless states is increasing enormously. the ratio of rich states steadily decreases. Hardin besides introduces the construct of “The Tragedy of The Commons” and explains it as a negative consequence on consumers of common resources around the universe. It has already occurred in today’s society and non merely polluted our environment but besides led to overpopulation.

The enterprise of rich states to assist the hapless resulted in creative activity of The World Food Bank. Yet. Hardin claims that this plan stops the development of hapless states and lets them trust on rich states when exigency occurs. While seeking to happen a solution for this job and assist the hapless. utilizing the “Green Revolution” plan. the end of which is to learn hapless states to turn “miracle wheat” and “miracle rice. ” But Hardin argues that this plan resulted in the spread of malignant neoplastic disease and overloading the environment ; therefore. by seeking to salvage people from famishment. other injuries were created. Hardin beliefs that in-migration is another push factor of the overpopulation issue because it allows people to get away from hapless states and burthen the ecosystem of rich states. Consequently. in “Lifeboat Ethical motives: the Case Against Helping Poor. ” Garrett Hardin suggests that our planet could be saved merely by following his advices otherwise. there will be nil left to the following coevalss.

But Hardin ignores a basic connexion between rich states and hapless states. It wholly neglects the fact that all the people in the universe are sharing the same life environment. Once this lone life environment is destroyed. all the people around the universe would necessitate to bear the kickback together. no affair rich or hapless. Therefore. assisting hapless states is non merely a signifier of humanistic look. but besides a sort of self-help for rich states. In other words. those rich states. in a manner. assist those hapless 1s out of egoism and the concerns on their ain involvements. which is rather different from the generous assistance for the people outside the lifeboat by the people inside the boat. Therefore. I think the Earth really is a large ship. and all the states are the people in this ship. All the people on board. regardless rich or hapless. shall hold the same basic undertaking to protect this ship. since no 1 would last one time the ship sinks. But now. the large ship faces the job of overpopulation. it is the duty for all the people on board to work out the jobs every bit shortly as possible. before the harmful consequence of such jobs widening throughout the ship.

It is useless to fault for anyone at this clip. Although I agree that the control of reproduction is the basic attack to work out the job in the illustration of the text. but I don’t believe rich states shall sit back and expression unconcerned. In fact. the overpopulation job has become a large load on the usage of resources in the whole universe. instead than for those hapless states merely. Those rich states may assist those hapless 1s by acknowledging immigrants. By acknowledging immigrants. rich states would non merely assist to ease the load of hapless states. but besides solve the job of negative birth rate in some rich states. It is a good manner for both hapless states and rich states. As a decision. the lifeboat moralss introduced in the text is non so proper. Helping the hapless in demand is non merely out of humanitarianism but besides for the consideration on their ain involvements for the rich states. As to the overpopulation jobs. it is useless to fault the hapless states merely. Although the control of growing rate is the basic solution. the attempt to ease the harmful influence by both hapless states and rich states is rather necessary in the short term.

Understanding the Principles and Practices of Assessment Essay Sample

Learning Outcome One Understand the rules and demands of Appraisal: Explain two maps of appraisal in larning & A ; development. The maps of appraisal and acquisition development are to place the scholars demands and to supervise there development. It besides reflects the needed criterions and assessment standards to develop the best pattern for mensurating and entering accomplishment. Specify the cardinal constructs and rules of appraisal.

To set appraisals into context this is portion of the learning/training rhythm. To recognize anterior acquisition and place specific appraisal demands. Neuro-linguistic scheduling was created by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in California in1970’s. They claim that there is a connexion between the neurological procedure linguistic communication and behavioral forms learned though experience. These can be changed to accomplish specific ends in life. What are the duties of the assessor?

The assessor has a scope of duties to the scholar. the employer and the administration they are working for. They uphold the occupational criterions and the awarding administration. They have program. manage and present appraisals all while keeping the unity of the making. They need to adder to all legal and organisation statute law. Identify the ordinances and demands relevant to the appraisal in ain country of pattern. It’s a demand to safeguard scholars during appraisals. Always make certain that all recording. trailing and logging of appraisals are accurate and up to day of the month. Communicate determinations with scholars every bit good as the appraisal schemes and standardization. Abide by the wellness and safety at work act 1974. the information protection act 1998 and the equality and diverseness act 2010. The regulative organic structures such as Ofyual. Sector Skills Council. Institute of larning and any awarding organic structure aid keep the quality confidence of appraisals. Learning outcome 2

2. 1 List at least five methods of appraisal and explicate the usage of that method. the benefits/limitations to the scholar. . Observation allows a opportunity to see the student’s communicating and accomplishment. You can enter picture grounds of the pupil showing their apprehension either in instruction or the workplace This provides chance for the pupil to reexamine the work for developmental intents. whilst supplying the Assessor with an chance to inquire inquiries throughout a set undertaking. As mentioned above the drawback would be the demand to supplement the observation with extra grounds which can be clip devouring. Work merchandise is a utile manner to measure at the terminal of a undertaking. The finished merchandise can supply the assessor with the scholars apprehension of a Unit.

This can supply the scholar with work to take forward as an illustration of their accomplishments. The terminal merchandise can be hard to measure in and of itself so an attach toing pre-production/ devising of portfolio is frequently necessary to contextualize and grounds single learner’s part peculiarly in group undertakings whilst demoing the procedure. This can be time-consuming on the scholar and the Assessor if non prepared right with clear. good defined bench Markss for the undertaking at each cardinal phase of the production. Questioning is a speedy manner to look into on acquisition and guarantee a scholar know the topic you are learning. You can utilize a scope of methods in conformity with the scholar profile so as non insulate worry the pupil. There are elements of oppugning that can worry scholars so a differentiated attack is indispensable. The deficiency of standardization is debatable every bit good so regular quizzes. polls. verbal cheques with scholars mentioning to the same standards for all scholars is important to look into advancement in a just mode. Simulation can supply priceless pattern of work topographic point state of affairss that the scholar will necessitate to larn in a safe and patient environment before come oning to a existent work topographic point scenario.

The bets can be high but the border for mistake allows the external respiration infinite and understanding necessary to larn practical accomplishments in the context they are being trained for. The cardinal drawback to this can be scholars holding a limited unauthentic experience of the scenario they are being trained for and may therefore non take the state of affairs as earnestly. Written provides a scholar with a opportunity to convey understanding in text. This is a traditional signifier of appraisal that many scholars will be familiar with and is a comfy manner to show acquisition. This provides clear cognition based grounds that can be easy mapped across to standards. Learners with dyslexia and other troubles can fight with written undertakings so it is of import to interrupt Assignments in to little balls and offer counsel with respects to construction and defining of a study. Learning outcome 3 Assessment be aftering 3. 1 Factors to see when planning appraisal. When be aftering appraisal you need to estimate a clear thought of what level the campaigner is at to see if they are ready to finish your planned appraisal. There are many ways of accomplishing this cognition.

One method is observation in public presentation or another by taking an initial appraisal trial which has seven degrees with the basic entry degree 1 being the first. Once this cognition has been gained. farther cognition is needed to accommodate their demands. What is their preferable acquisition manner is it portion of a group or on a one to one footing. You will necessitate to happen out their strengths and failings to acquire the most out of their abilities but besides to work about and better on different country that need to be worked on. When this has all been achieved the scholars will necessitate to be given information about the planned appraisal. First of all they will necessitate to hold an apprehension of what they are about to analyze. explicating what they need to make to run into the standards set by OFQUAL – the regulating organic structure of the makings. They will necessitate to understand what is expected of them when go toing the class by giving them the codification of behavior for them to follow.

It is of import that the wellness and safety processs are explained to guarantee their safety throughout their appraisal After this has been completed. the scholars will be given the booklet to look through and their appraisal program to see how they will finish it. 3. 2 Evaluate the benefits of utilizing a holistic attack to assessment. Some of the benefits of utilizing a holistic attack to assessment in instruction include cost. clip effectual and associating different facets of larning though appraisal. Another great benefit is that it promotes learner duty and engagement. The usage of of course happening grounds. experiential acquisition. and transference of accomplishments are besides benefits. It rationalises a aggregation of assessment grounds to run into learning results and assessment standards.

Identity Theft Essay Sample

Identity larceny is a major offense that happens to 1000000s of people every twelvemonth. Peoples whose individualities have been stolen can pass months and old ages seeking to clean up the muss the stealers have made of a good name and recognition record. There are many different types of individuality larceny and ways to cover with it. Identity larceny is really serious and stolen individualities are used to perpetrate many other offenses. Some of the specific types of individuality larceny besides personal individuality larceny. include revenue enhancement related individuality larceny. concern related individuality larceny. kid individuality larceny. and medical individuality larceny. Identity larceny can do serious challenges for persons and concerns and there are several stairss to take to assist unclutter up individuality larceny every bit good as stairss to follow to forestall individuality larceny from happening once more.

Harmonizing to the Transunion web site. “Identity larceny is the fastest turning offense in America. The figure of individuality larceny incidents has reached 10 million a twelvemonth and every minute about 19 people fall victim to individuality theft” ( TransUnion LLC ) . Identity larceny is a really serious job and unluckily is go oning to many people everyday. Harmonizing to a book. “Take Charge” written by the U. S. Department of Homeland Security and U. S. Secret Service. “The Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence Act enacted by Congress in October 1998 makes individuality theft a federal offense. Misdemeanors of the federal offense are investigated by federal jurisprudence enforcement bureaus. including the U. S. Secret Service. the FBI. the U. S. Postal Inspection Service. and the Social Security Administrator’s Office of the Inspector General. Federal Identity larceny instances are prosecuted by the U. S. Department of Justice” ( U. S. S. S. 491 ) .

Under the jurisprudence. “identity theft take topographic points when person wittingly transportations. possesses or utilizations. without lawful authorization. a agency of designation of another individual with the purpose to perpetrate. or to assistance or abet or in connexion with. any improper activity that constitutes a misdemeanor of federal jurisprudence or that constitutes a felony under any applicable province or local law” ( U. S. S. S. 491 ) . Some of the types of personal information that individuality stealers use include societal security Numberss. recognition card Numberss. cellular telephone consecutive Numberss. or any other piece of information that can be used to identity a specific person.

Once individuality stealers have a person’s personal information they can utilize it to run out a person’s bank history. run up charges on a recognition card. acquire medical intervention with a person’s wellness insurance every bit good as many other things. The Federal Trade Commission is an independent federal bureau of the U. S. federal authorities that maintains just and free competition ; every bit good as implementing anti-trust Torahs and educating the populace about individuality larceny. Harmonizing to their website some of the ways individuality stealers get a person’s information include. “getting it from concerns or other establishments by stealing records or information while they’re on the occupation. steal your mail besides known as “dumpster diving” . acquire recognition studies by mistreating employer’s authorised entree to them. steal debit/credit card Numberss by capturing the information in a information storage device in a pattern known as skimming. steal your billfold or bag. steal personal information through electronic mail or phone by presenting as legitimate companies known as phishing” ( FTC ) .

Once an individuality stealer obtains a person’s personal information there are many things they can make with the information. Some of the common things individuality stealers use a person’s personal information include. opening a recognition card in their name. may name recognition card issuer to alter the charge reference on recognition card history. set up phone or radio service. unfastened bank histories. forgery cheques. file for bankruptcy under a person’s name to avoid paying debts that they’ve incurred. purchase a auto. acquire designation in a person’s name with their ain image such as a driver’s licence. every bit good as many other things.

The federal trade commission’s web site suggests some of hints that person has stolen information every bit good as what to make if individuality larceny happens to a individual. Some of the clue’s listed on the site are. “seeing backdowns from bank history that you can’t explicate. don’t acquire your measures or other mail. merchandisers refuse cheques. debt aggregators call you about debts that aren’t yours. you find unfamiliar histories or charges on recognition study. medical suppliers measure you for services you didn’t use. wellness program rejects legitimate medical claims. IRS notifies you that more than one revenue enhancement return was filed in your name. you get notice that your information was compromised by a information breach at a company where you do concern or have an account” ( FTC ) . If a individual loses of import personal information or are victims of individuality larceny. there are stairss they can follow to assist them mend the harm. If a individual is a victim of individuality larceny. they place an initial fraud qui vive. order recognition studies. and make an individuality larceny study.

The three national recognition coverage companies keep records of everyone’s recognition history and if a fraud qui vive is placed. the recognition describing company can reach the other companies and it can do it harder for an individuality stealer to open more histories in someone’s name. After the initial fraud qui vive. the Federal Trade Commission recommends telling your recognition study so a individual can look over all of disagreements that might hold occurred to acquire them removed. The Federal Trade Commission so recommends making an individuality larceny study. “An Identity Theft Report gives you some of import rights that can assist you retrieve from the larceny. To make one. register a ailment with the FTC and publish your Identity Theft Affidavit. Use that to register a constabulary study and make your Identity Theft Report” ( FTC ) . By registering an individuality larceny study. it can assist acquire deceitful information removed signifier a person’s recognition study. halt a company from roll uping debts that result from individuality larceny and assist a individual recover from the individuality larceny.

Tax-Related individuality larceny is really prevailing in the United States and is an on-going job. Harmonizing to an article from the American Institute of CPA’s written by Patti Burquest. “The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration ( TIGTA ) reported that the IRS identified more than 1. 1 million incidents of revenue enhancement individuality larceny related to 2011 returns. Furthermore. Beth Tucker. deputy commissioner for Operations Support. stated that for the first 10 months of 2012. the IRS protected. through enforcement attempts. shut to $ 20 billion of gross related to deceitful refunds” ( AICPA Burquest ) . The article so moved on to discourse the ways that revenue enhancement individuality larceny can happen and how it is discovered. One of the ways revenue enhancement related individuality larceny happen is by income being reported to the IRS but non earned by the taxpayer. In this instance. the stealer uses the victim’s societal security figure to register a deceitful revenue enhancement Form W-2 and studies rewards that were ne’er earned or withheld.

The 2nd manner it is discovered is by multiple returns filed under one societal security figure. in which instance the stealer files early in the filing season in an effort to derive a refund before the true taxpayer files his or her revenue enhancement return. The 3rd manner revenue enhancement related individuality larceny is found is by IRS notices and aggregation activity. In this instance. the stealer may direct out a bogus missive stating the victims that they are non required to register a return. Tax related individuality larceny has become a immense job in the United States. and the Internal Revenue Service has created ways to assist halt and forestall it from happening. The Internal Revenue Service has established a particular unit that focuses on individuality larceny. which is called the IRS Identity Protection Specialized Unit. When a individual becomes a victim of revenue enhancement related fraud. the unit is trained to assist taxpayers with any individuality larceny issues. The IRS will electronically tag a taxpayer’s history when individuality larceny is reported and persons so receive an individuality protection personal designation figure.

The AICPA article written by Patti Burquest stated. “The IP PIN process began in late 2011 as a test plan. with the IRS issue about 54. 000 IP PINs. For 2012. the figure of IP PINs issued increased to 250. 000 with a farther addition to 600. 000 expected for the 2013 filing season” ( Burquest ) . The figure of IP PINs tripled in one twelvemonth and is expected to about treble once more following twelvemonth. which is truly amazing and shows what a immense job individuality larceny truly is. In the shutting statements of the article written by Patti Burqest. she wrote about how the IRS is doing individuality theft a cardinal accent country for 2013 and how they plan to give many resources to bar. protection. and prosecution of revenue enhancement related individuality larceny instances. While the Internal Revenue Service has taken stairss to help victims of revenue enhancement related individuality larceny. there are still some battles it faces and taxpayers face many jobs when seeking to cover with their individuality larceny issues.

In the Journal of Accountancy. an article written by Alistair Nevius on May 8 2012. stated. “Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration ( TIGA ) reviewed IRS information from 1. 1 million individuality larceny instances. and discovered the IRS is non efficaciously supplying aid to victims of individuality larceny and current procedures are non equal to pass on individuality larceny processs to taxpayers. ensuing in increased load for victims” ( Nevius ) . Some of major jobs discussed in the article were how the IRS does non manage the instances in a timely manner. communicating with IRS is limited. every bit good as the guidelines about individuality larceny are conflicting and non consistent. The TIGA made some recommendations for the IRS that they agreed to which include. “establishing answerability for its Identity Theft Program. implement a procedure to guarantee that IRS notices are non sent to the reference listed on individuality thief’s return. guarantee taxpayers are notified when the IRS has received their identifying paperss. make a specialised unit in the Accounts Management map to entirely work on individuality larceny instances. and guaranting scheduling is adjusted so that individuality larceny issues can be tracked and analyzed for tendencies and pattern’s” ( Nevius ) .

Although revenue enhancement related individuality larceny is major offense and job. the IRS is holding to take the stairss it needs to halt and forestall it from go oning. Tax related individuality larceny might go less frequent if the IRS continues to concentrate on ways to forestall and battle against it from go oning. In a recent article on the AICPA web site. “IRS’s Identity Theft Liaison Pilot Program with Law Enforcement expands to 50 States” . published on March 29. 2013. spoke about how the IRS is spread outing its Law Enforcement Assistance Program on Identity Theft to all 50 provinces and the District of Columbia. In this plan. province and local jurisprudence enforcement functionaries with grounds of fraudulently filed revenue enhancement returns and permission from the victims to unwrap their revenue enhancement return information can assist to look into the frauds and prosecute.

The article provinces. “Since October. the IRS has pursued more than 670 condemnable individuality larceny probes and convicted wrongdoers are having sentences averaging four and making up to 20 old ages. In January. the IRS participated in a coast-to-coast individuality larceny enforcement expanse that resulted in 298 indictments. informations. ailments. and arrests” ( Journal Of Accountancy ) . The article besides stated how the IRS had other success in individuality larceny countries. “by halting $ 20 billion in deceitful refunds and 5 million leery returns in 2012. up from $ 14 billion and $ 3 million in 2011” ( Journal of Accountancy ) . The IRS is taking many stairss in the right way to assist victims cover with individuality larceny and prosecute the felons who are involved. Business individuality larceny is another type of individuality larceny that occurs when a individual uses a business’s placing information to obtain recognition. goods. services. money or belongings to perpetrate a felony or misdemeanour.

Business individuality larceny has become really common and harmonizing to “Preventing Identity Theft in Your Business” a book written by Judith M. Collins. the writer states that concern individuality larceny has become progressively common for three grounds which are. “Corporate recognition card bank and other history statements have more entries than the histories of an mean single and are more complex and less easy reconciled. Corporate recognition histories normally carry higher dollar sums. Many employees oftentimes are authorized to utilize a individual corporate history. In this instance. the larceny and deceitful usage of the history figure is less easy detected in the corporation recognition card statement than in an single recognition statement that contains fewer history entries” ( Collins 135 ) . The most common types of concern individuality offenses include recognition card. bank. retail histories. and subordinate fraud. When a individual steals a business’s individuality it can take to a subordinate fraud.

Judith Collins provinces. “the larceny of a business’s province and federal identifiers has opened the doors to new offenses of concern caricatures. such as subordinate fraud. This is the enrollment. with a secretary of province. of a deceitful subordinate company utilizing a legitimate business’s identifiers. With the payment of a modest enrollment fee. in some provinces every bit small as $ 25. parasite “businesses” can be formed and pose as legitimate concerns. incurring ne’er to be paid disbursals for goods and services and obtaining deceitful concern loans and other agencies. Sometimes these entities defraud legitimate company’s by invoicing them for services ne’er rendered or by telling ware that is so sold on the black market” ( Collins 136. 137 ) . This statement describes how concern individuality larceny can take to other frauds. If a business’s individuality is stolen. than their customer’s information is a besides as hazard which can take to more individuality larceny offenses. Identity larceny can besides happen in concern when there are informations breaches which can take to invidual individuality larceny.

The Privacy Right’s Clearinghouse ( PRC ) is a nationally recognized consumer instruction and protagonism non-profit-making organisation dedicated to the privateness of American consumers. The PRC keeps path of informations breaches from companies from the twelvemonth 2005 to the present. Some of the instances that are on their web site are illustrations of how concern individuality larceny non merely effects the concern but the consumers every bit good. In an article in the New York Times. written by Ann Carrns. “A likely factor in the rise in individuality larceny in 2011. the study found. was an addition in reported information breaches. like those at Sony PlayStation and Epsilon. Fifteen per centum of Americans were notified that their information was lost in a information breach in 2011. and those notified of a information breach are about 10 times more likely to be an individuality fraud victim than person who wasn’t notified. Javelin found” ( Carrns ) . The PRC website has the information on the Epsilon informations breach every bit good as many other instances.

Epsilon is an illustration of concern related individuality larceny. Epsilon is an email service supplier for companies. and reported a breach that affected three per centum of its clients in April of 2011. Harmonizing to the PRC web site. “A sum of 75 companies were affected and these companies may stop up paying a combined sum of $ 412 million in harm control. Epsilon itself could pay $ 225 million. Some estimate the entire cost of the Epsilon breach could run every bit high as $ 3- $ 4 billion in forensic audits and monitoring. mulcts. judicial proceeding. and lost concern for supplier and clients. Conservative estimations place the figure of client electronic mail references breached at 50-60 million. The sum of client electronic mails exposed could make 250 million” ( Databreaches. net/PRC ) . This is merely another manner that individuality larceny can impact concerns and persons and lead to other frauds and offenses.

Zenith Grinding Essay Sample

STOCKHOLM – Engineering group Atlas Copco posted a bigger-than-expected autumn in third-quarter net incomes and order consumption on Friday as disbursement cuts across the planetary excavation industry weighed to a great extent on demand. The excavation industry. confronting softer metals monetary values and force per unit area by their proprietors to hike returns. is drawing back from a decennary of enlargement with the likes of BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto cut downing one million millions of dollars in disbursement. 100 tph rock suppression works for sale. The autumn in capital outgo has hit providers such as Atlas Copco and its Swedish crosstown rival Sandvik. which together account for more than half the universe market for belowground excavation equipment. Atlas Copco. which supplies mining pitch such as drill rigs and stevedores and a broad scope of compressors. said operating net income fell to 4. 21-billion Crowns ( $ 661. 6-million ) from a year-ago 4. 93-billion. losing a prognosis 4. 38-billion in a Reuters canvass of analysts. Aggregate prey excavation equipment South Africa.

The company’s order consumption in its excavation and stone digging concern tumbled 21 % year-on-year in the 3rd one-fourth to go forth its group-wide order engagements down 9 % compared to the 3 % autumn seen by analysts. “The weak demand for excavation equipment continued to impact order consumption. which decreased significantly compared to the old twelvemonth for all types of equipment. ” it said. adding mining orders deserving 340-million Crowns had been cancelled. Sb ore crusher crunching mill”Sequentially. orders for resistance excavation equipment were stable. but the order consumption for big surface excavation equipment decreased. ” Atlas Copco’s excavation and stone concern histories for approximately a 3rd of gross revenues and the remainder of the group has faced less glooming activity earlier this twelvemonth.

Still. its compressor unit saw orders fall 7 % in the 3rd one-fourth. “This is weak all around truly. ” Handelsbanken analyst Peder Frolen said. “Orders are weak all over. non merely in mining but in compressor technique every bit good. and the concerns about the economic mentality that exists globally have an impact here every bit good of class. ” Atlas Copco said it expected overall demand for the group’s merchandises and services to stay at the current degree in the close term. by which it historically means the current one-fourth. Shares in the company were down 4. 3 % by 10:08 GMT while Sandvik fell 3 % . underachieving a 0. 8 % diminution in the European Industrials index.

Social Problems Essay Sample

Within the field of human services. the words job. policy. and plan will be used a batch. For this ground. it is of import to understand what each of these words means in the context of human services. The word job can be defined as a demand or a instance that goes unmet. An illustration of a job would be a kid that lacks the necessary nutrition and medical demands to last. The word policy is defined as a legislated regulation that provides a individuals eligibility to have services. while supplying the ordinances that surround the payment and bringing of those services. An illustration would be a wellness reform acts put into topographic point for the providing of wellness attention and how it is regulated to each individual. Last. plan can be defined as a coverage program for child care. Medicaid services. and the coverage of prescription drugs. Plans are most frequently made up of a support beginning and a benefits program. An illustration of a plan would be KRESGE PROGRAM that aims at assisting the disadvantaged and the community. In human services. there are ever traveling to be many societal jobs that come into consequence. Although there are 100s of societal jobs in the United provinces that are six that I find to be the most critical.

The first societal job is racism. in todays society we deal with hatred offenses and favoritism based entirely on one individual colour. This issue can do people to free assurance and to lose out on great calling chances because of the manner they were born. The 2nd job I find to be critical is spiritual intolerance. Since the beginning of clip. states have been killing each other due to their differences in faith like ISIS. Third. instruction has become a critical job in recent times. Our instruction is non up to day of the month with other states and more people are dropping out of school than of all time before. The 4th issue trades with societys morality struggles. This issue addresses abortion. harlotry. drugs and so forth. We are a state that knocks people down because they do non do the right determinations. The 5th issue I consider critical is favoritism. Peoples are killed. round or left to support for themselves because of their civilization. age. sex and so away. Last. the United States trades with the issue of Illegal Immigration. Peoples are illicitly traversing into our land non paying revenue enhancements and smuggling drug into our state.

With the six societal issues listed supra. the one I find to be the most critical is illegal in-migration. A well-known organisation that deals with this issue is the U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement besides known as ICE. This organisation is one that promotes homeland security and public safety through the condemnable and civil enforcement of federal Torahs regulating boundary line control. imposts. trade and in-migration ( ICE. n. d. ) . The United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement has programs that cover four cardinal precedences. The precedence is the bar of terrorist act and the enhancing of security. Another precedence is the protection of our boundary line through interior in-migration enforcement that is tough and witty. The 3rd precedence is the protection of boundary lines against the illicit travel. trade and finance.

The last precedence is the building of a more effectual and efficient bureau. Within the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement there are many different plans to ensue in the protection of our boundary line. These plans consist 1s such as the Criminal Alien Program and the Delegation of Immigration Authority. In the bosom of ICE. there is a plan called the Border Enforcement Security Task Force besides known as BEST. The Border Enforcement Security Task Force trades with the day-to-day border-related offense. and the force that is frequently associated with it. pose important hazards to public safety and the national security of the United States ( ICE. n. d. ) . The BEST squads are compromised with over a 1000 members to stand for more than a 100 different jurisprudence enforcement bureaus who have agreed to take portion in the investigation of multinational offenses. Reference ICE. ( nd ) . Border Enforcement Security Task Force ( BEST ) .

If You Were A Hollywood Essay Sample

If you were a Hollywood film manufacturer. and you were refashioning this picture for a twenty-first century audience. what famous person or well-known individual would you project as the talker. and where would you put the scene? Compare or contrast your picks with at least one of the given versions from this lesson.

If I were a Hollywood film manufacturer. and I were refashion this Shakespeare picture for a twenty-first century audience. I would utilize a famous person individual named Johnny Depp cast as the talker. and I would put the scene in Denver. Colorado The “Seven Ages of Man. ” by William Shakespeare. I think that Johnny Depp would be favourable as the talker and I correlate him to this act of The “Seven Ages of Men. ” by William Shakespeare. The scene would get down with the nurse keeping the babe and walking and taking on to the small male child walking to school. next the lover walking and composing so taking excessively the soldier running into conflict so exposing the justness walking into the courtroom. and decelerating down to an old adult male walking with a cane. The old adult male disappears while he is walking off. and so easy fades out.

Terminal illness Essay Sample

Finding out that you have a terminal unwellness can be emotionally and physically really painful. Peoples respond otherwise when they are freshly diagnosed with a status that has a hapless forecast. The general reaction of the patient involved is one of daze or incredulity nevertheless the experience is alone for each individual and their household or loved 1s. This essay will discourse the varying responses a patient undergoes one time freshly diagnosed with a status that has a hapless forecast.

The countries covered will affect their physical. emotional. cognitive and behavioral responses. It will besides analyze the differing phases of ‘coping’ with chronic disease those being denial. anxiousness. choler fright and depression. Some responses come in phases but can besides co exist at the same clip. It will besides look briefly into the thoughts of Hope and Religion and mensurate their importance in a patients attention and get bying direction. As it can be seen that through this procedure and travel some people might seek to decide and reconnect with household and friends and or instead start seeking for a sense of spirit or faith in their life. This may assist patients to get by better with disease and death ( Candy et al. . 2012 ) .

The get bying with terminal unwellness is disputing for the patient because it is a traumatic event but besides has a large impact on the patients’ household members and friends. The term ‘coping’ has been defined as a procedure whereby behavioral and cognitive attempts are invariably altering in order to pull off or run into specific internal or external demands that have been assessed to be physically or mentally demanding for the person involved ( Corr et al. . 2012 ) . Once diagnosed with a terminal unwellness a patient undergoes their ain procedure of get bying with the unwellness and the hapless forecast. This act of header is a response that changes cognitive and behavioral attempts of the patient. Corr et Al. ( 2012 ) explains there are four of import facets that can be identified in get bying with deceasing. Those are physical. psychological. societal and religious.

Having been a carer for my female parent who late passed off after a long 8 twelvemonth battle with malignant neoplastic disease the procedure of header was apparent as was its metabolism. The hurting. exhaustion and feelings of hopelessness in that state of affairs were non resigned merely for my female parent. they transcended over to me. To be a carer or household member for a individual diagnosed with terminal unwellness involves physical and psychological challenges ( Candy et al. . 2011 ) .

Harmonizing to Kubler ( 1981 ) there exist five phases when a individual is confronting decease. These are denial. choler. bargaining. depression and credence. Denial is a common header scheme for those who refuse to accept the diagnosing of a terminal disease. Most people use denial to one grade or another. Kubler ( 1981 ) confirms this saying “the denial is normally a impermanent defense mechanism and will shortly be replaced by partial acceptance” ( p. 32 ) . In denial patients frequently refuse to speak about their unwellness. seeking for many physicians seeking to happen confidence and optimistic replies to get away the fatal result ( Kubler. 1981 ) .

???? The choler is the other common response for patients freshly diagnosed with a terminal unwellness. I frequently witnessed marks of choler throughout my mum’s terminal malignant neoplastic disease unwellness. In phases of depression and licking she would behaviourally react with choler and defeat. She would besides at times rebel against her state of affairs and frequently lash out at us and household doing us experience guilty about determinations we made sing her infirmary corsets.

The hope is indispensable for all patients who suffer with chronic disease. Snyder et Al. ( 2002 ) describes if hope is present patients can see a meaningful result and it will assist them to get by better in the procedure of deceasing. Research demonstrates that aspirant. optimistic patients see lower rates of depression. anxiousness. and choler. adjust better to negative results. and have longer endurance ( Snyder et Al. . 2002 ) .

As Krikorian et Al. ( 2012 ) clearly stated. “Suffering is single. unique. and built-in to each person” ( pp. 799–808 ) . Suffering is associated with negative emotional responses and it is related with fright. depression and anxiousness of decease. The best manner to cover with all this is through peaceable credence and the development of a religious attack. That can assist to better the terminal phases of patient’s life ( Krikorian et Al. . 2012 ) .

The hurting is a common response for patients particularly in progress or late phase of chronic disease. White ( 2014 ) confirms that the hurting is an uncomfortable feeling or unpleasant esthesis in the organic structure related with tissue harm. There is a two different type of hurting ague or chronic. Acute hurting is direct stimulation of centripetal nerve cells related to physical hurts. This type of hurting normally comes on fast and frequently goes off. Acute hurting can go chronic when the cause is hard to handle ( White 2014 ) .

???? ???The chronic hurting by and large refers to trouble that exist for three or more months and frequently can non be treated or remedy. Davison ( 2007 ) claims that chronic hurting can frequently linked to psychological hurt. The cause of chronic hurting. depression and other psychological symptoms are non acknowledged diagnosed and it might be unknown or ill understood ( Davison 2007 ) . Today with betterments in hurting directions. alleviative attention is the option which relieves the hurting and hurt of malignant neoplastic disease deceasing patients.

There may be limited physical hurting due to medicines involved. depending on the unwellness. In the instance of my mother’s terminal malignant neoplastic disease experience. towards the terminal phases of her enduring physical restrictions arose where finally she wasn’t able to physically walk. This accordingly meant she so wasn’t able to travel the lavatory on her ain. or shower herself independently. This for my female parent who was ever independent and proud of that fact and whom helped others was a immense challenge and letdown to get the better of. Her worst fright was to finally be dependent on others and in demand of a wheelchair. So whilst her physical agony may hold involved existent minimal hurting because of all the medicines she was on. her physical restrictions straight impacted her emotionally and behaviourally in a immense manner. She was no longer self sufficient and her pride was taken from her by her unwellness.

Krikorian et Al. ( 2012 ) claims that loss of self-respect can frequently be desire for decease. Through the last phases of life some patients develop credence and adhere to a religious attack while others experience emotional numbness. By and large the fright of decease is the chief trigger in some patients for emotional numbness Maciejewski et Al. . ( 2012 ) .

As illustrated above for a individual who has been freshly diagnosed with a terminal unwellness that has a hapless forecast. they may see a overplus of responses. These responses can be synchronal for some patients and this highlights the complexnesss involved in handling and supplying necessary attention and support during the different phases of terminal unwellness. Whilst responses are single and will change. the most common experienced by the patient encompass emotional. physical. behavioral and cognitive responses. These responses experienced by the patient can be synchronal or come at changing phases of a terminal unwellness. A hapless forecast doesn’t signify the terminal of a patient’s life journey and whilst ab initio it may arouse negative responses from the patient it may besides instil a desire to be resilient and fight the unwellness and hapless forecast. In some instances even when the initial diagnosing and forecast was hapless and bleak a patient has ‘beaten the odds’ and made a complete recovery or evolved to populate a manageable life with a chronic disease or unwellness.


Corr. C. . Nabe. C. . & A ; Corr. D. ( 2012 ) . Death & A ; Dying: Life and Living. ( 7th ed. ) . Belmont CA: Wadsworth/ Cengage Learning USA.

Candy. B. . Jones. L. . Drake. R. . Leurents. B. . & A ; King. M. ( 2011 ) . Interventions for back uping informal health professionals of patients in the terminal stage of a disease. The Cochrane Collaboration. 15 ( 6 ) . 1-63. Department of the Interior: 10. 1002/14651858. CD007617

Candy B. Jones L. . Varagunam. M. . Speck P. . Tookman. A. . & A ; King. M. ( 2012 ) . Religious and spiritual intercessions for wellbeing of grownups in the terminal stage of disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1 ( 5 ) . 1-29.

doi:10. 1002/14651858. CD007544

Davison. S. N. ( 2007 ) . Chronic kidney disease: Psychosocial impact of chronic hurting. Geriatrics. 62 ( 2 ) . 17-23.

Krikorian. A. . Limonero. T. J. . & A ; Mate. J. ( 2012 ) . Suffering and hurt at the terminal of life: Psycho Oncology. 21 ( 8 ) . 799-808. Department of the Interior: 10. 1002/pon. 2087

Kubler. R. E. ( 1981 ) . Populating with decease and death: How to pass on with the terminally sick ( 1st ed. ) . New York: Macmillan.

Maciejewski. K. P. . & A ; Prigerson. G. H. ( 2013 ) . Emotional numbness modifies
the consequence of terminal of life attention. Journal of hurting and symptom direction. 45 ( 3 ) . 841-847.

Snyder. C. R. . & A ; Amber. G. ( 2002 ) . Coping with terminal unwellness: The function of hopeful thought. Journal of alleviative medical specialty. 5 ( 6 ) . 883-894.

White. C. . & A ; McDonnell. H. ( 2014 ) . Psychosocial hurt in patients with end phase kidney disease. Journal of Renal Care. 40 ( 1 ) . 74-81.

Rehabilitation Definition and Origin Essay Sample

One aim in the condemnable justness system is to rehabilitate wrongdoers. In this paper. I will depict what rehabilitation is in prison. every bit good as supply the beginning of rehabilitation. Following I will give a definition of word and how it is different from compulsory release. I will besides be giving a definition of probation and how probation compares to other signifiers of condemning. This paper will besides supply a definition every bit good as the options of community corrections. Last. I will review the current rehabilitation and give my sentiment on a better solution to the current word procedure. the current probation system. and the current community corrections options.

Rehabilitation harmonizing to the lexicon. neodymium. means ; “to aid ( a individual who has acquired a disablement or dependence or who has merely been released from prison ) to readapt to society or a new occupation. as by vocational counsel. retraining. or therapy. ” The intent of rehabilitation in a prison environment is to assist an wrongdoer admit they have a job. Once a captive admits to holding a job they so can accept the aid offered to them. get down to reform from perpetrating more offenses and unrecorded normal lives without any condemnable activities one time they have been released from prison. In the eighteenth century rehabilitation was introduced to the prison systems. with the passing of the Penitentiary Act. The Penitentiary Act sought the rehabilitation of wrongdoers in all prisons. Although the cardinal signifier of penalty in the condemnable justness system in today’s society is imprisonment. more accent is placed on rehabilitating the wrongdoer to cut down the rate of recidivism.

Parole v. Mandatory Release
Parole can merely be granted to those who have served a minimal sum of clip in prison. When a captive becomes eligible for word he or she will travel in forepart of a parole board who will discourse their offense. analyze their behaviour while incarcerated and reexamine if they had completed any intervention or categories they were ordered to take. The parole board will either grant or deny a captives word. When an wrongdoer is released on word. he or she must follow with all of the conditions that the word board has set in topographic point. If the probationer does non follow he or she could hold their word revoked and be returned to prison.

There are a few differences between word and compulsory release. When a captive is released on word they are still under supervising until they reach the sum of clip they were ordered to function. A captive who is compulsory released has served their needed sum of clip. However. a captive can be released early due to good behaviour and having good clip credits. When this happens the captive will still be under supervising until he or she reaches the sum of clip they were sentenced to. nevertheless. their supervising is non every bit rigorous as those on word.

Probation Compared to Other Forms of Sentencing
Probation harmonizing to the lexicon. neodymium. “a method of covering with wrongdoers. particularly immature individuals guilty of minor offenses or first discourtesies. by leting them to travel at big under supervising of a probation officer. ” Probation is normally a jail term that is suspended. and a conditional freedom is granted to the wrongdoer. An wrongdoer who is on probation must follow with the guidelines that the tribunals and probation officer has put in topographic point. If the wrongdoer violates any of the footings he or she can hold their probation revoked and be sent to gaol for the clip that was suspended.

Probation allows for more freedom when compared to being sentenced to gaol or prison. Some feel that probation is still a signifier of captivity since the wrongdoer still loses some of their autonomies. An wrongdoer who is on probation is able to maintain their ties to the community. able to work and able to acquire the aid they may necessitate when it comes to anger issues. substance maltreatment issues and any mental disablements they may endure from. Even though gaols and prisons offer many of the same intervention options. the wrongdoer is locked off from society.

Community Corrections
Community corrections are community-based plans or condemning options normally reserved for non-violent and first clip wrongdoers. When it comes to community corrections. a justice has different options to take from. Some signifiers of community corrections are house apprehension ; intending the wrongdoer is to stay in their place with few exclusions such as work. returning to tribunal and spiritual services. When on house arrest the wrongdoer must hold the permission of the community corrections staff before go forthing the place.

Electronic monitoring is another signifier of community corrections. When an wrongdoer is sentenced to electric monitoring. they are required to have on an electronic mortise joint watchband that allows the community corrections staff to supervise their whereabouts. If a individual attempts to take their ankle watchband. they can be charged with flight. Day coverage is the signifier of community corrections reserved for those who commit a minor offense or those with no anterior felon record. Day describing agencies that the wrongdoer must be in contact with the community corrections staff on a day-to-day footing. Contact is normally done in individual but sometimes can be done via a phone call.

Current Rehabilitation
In today’s society. rehabilitation seems to be of import while the wrongdoer is incarcerated. or while on probation or word. However. the condemnable justness system seems to bury that rehabilitation needs to go on one time the wrongdoer is released. There are different methods of rehabilitation that can assist reform an wrongdoer while in prison. on probation or on word. Rehabilitation is really of import when it comes to an wrongdoer. By rehabilitating an wrongdoer the hazard of recidivism can be lessened. every bit good as assisting the wrongdoer be able to do better life picks which can beef up household bonds. All signifiers of rehabilitation necessitate some type of guidance.

Those who suffer from any signifier of substance maltreatment can profit from drug and intoxicant intervention. The guidance that comes with drug and intoxicant intervention can assist an wrongdoer trade with life without the demand of utilizing drugs and or intoxicant as a header mechanism. When a individual learns how to alter their idea procedures. they can populate a much more productive life. Education is another of import step when it comes to rehabilitation. By taking general instruction categories such as having a high school sheepskin or GED. a individual can derive self- regard. When a individual has more self-esteem they are more likely to do better life picks.

Solutions to Current Parole Procedure
One solution to the current word procedure would be to do the procedure less formal. Sometimes when a individual suffers from a terror or anxiousness upset. traveling in forepart of a group of people can be intimidating. By holding a less informal word hearing an wrongdoer may be less on border and more relaxed. hence non experiencing threatened. A individual who feels more comfy around a group of people may non experience the demand to move tough. I besides feel that any intervention that was started in prison should follow the individual while they are on word. By go oning reding that has already been started the wrongdoer has a better opportunity of non get worsing.

Solutions to Current Probation System
With so many work forces. adult females and juveniles on probation today. the current probation system is over populated. A solution would be to add more probation officers. When a probation officer has excessively many clients he or she can non make their occupation decently. By cut downing the caseloads of each probation officer they would be able to make their occupation better. Probation should besides be reserved for those who have committed minor discourtesies and those without an extended felon background. Probation should besides be used for those who have demonstrated the desire to alter their lives for the positive.

Solutions to Current Community Corrections
Community corrections is one solution to the overcrowding of gaols and prisons. However. community corrections need more follow through. Wrongdoers who are placed on community corrections should be go toing compulsory categories. Classs should besides be offered at different times to suit those who have steady employment. since employment is necessary when it comes to community corrections. Community corrections should besides hold a panel of community members to make up one’s mind if community corrections is the right manner to travel for an wrongdoer.

Probation definition. ( nd ) . Retrieved from:
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Rehabilitation definition. ( nd ) . Retrieved from:
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