This paper explores the different factors college pupils consider to hold a successful physical therapy calling. These factors are necessary for pre-physical therapy college pupils to fix for a competitory turning market. In 2011. the American Physical Therapy Association’s ( APTA ) executive commission appointed a undertaking force to concentrate on developing a theoretical account to calculate the supply and demand of physical healers through 2020. The APTA theoretical account supports the projection that there’s a possibility that the demand of physical healers will increase until the twelvemonth 2020. ( APTA Projects Future Supply and Demand of Physical Therapists. 2013 )
The range of this paper is to supply penetration on a few factors and outlooks that college pupils should already be cognizant of. or should see in order to go successful. and carry through the demand in physical therapy. There is much quantitative surveies that go over different make up one’s minding factors pupils consider to prosecute a calling in physical therapy. but there isn’t much qualitative research available on pupils prosecuting physical therapy. Therefore. we will reexamine three pieces of quantitative literature and analyse the spreads of holding a successful physical therapy calling relation to graduate plan choice. calling outlooks. and success factors. Then. we will reason with a treatment the literature reappraisal and so bind in a semi-structured interview and interpretative phenomenological analysis by make fulling the spreads to understand one facet as to how and why pupils develop these success factors.
Factors Influencing Professional Master of Physical Therapy and Doctor of Physical Therapy Students’ Program Selection.
Johanson ( 2004 ) conducted a quantitative research. via study by agencies of electronic mail. telephone. and post-mail to 34 plan managers to happen the factors pupils consider when taking between a Master of Physical Therapy ( MPT ) or a Doctor of Physical Therapy ( DPT ) plan. At the terminal of the study procedure. of 919 pupils. “only 29. 9 % of respondents were MPT pupils. and 70. 1 % were DPT pupils. ” ( p. 10 ) As a consequence. Johanson ( 2004 ) found the top three factors ( out of 22 factors ) are degree conferred. repute of plan. and location. Johanson points out that the survey “focused on one point in clip. merely beyond the phase of the students’ concluding plan pick. ( p. 16 )
Sexual activity Differences in Career Expectations of PT Students
Johanson ( 2007 ) developed another research study utilizing her old research informations that explored the factors act uponing college alumnuss to prevail to prosecute a post-graduate instruction and take a peculiar plan. This clip. the research study focused on physical therapy calling outlooks based on sex. and clip before possible influences from module and clinicians during instruction. The methods were the same. but the information analysis used chi-square “to trial for relative differences in calling outlooks between work forces and adult females. ” ( Johanson. 2007. p. 1201 ) The consequences were important between gender differences. Johanson ( 2007 ) explains:
Male students’s outlooks of having patterns. managing or administering patterns. going module members. printing articles in professional diaries. and holding higher incomes mirror some of the current sex differences among practising physical healers. More work forces than adult females presently do ain patterns. keep more managerial or administrative places. keep more module assignments. and have higher incomes. Male students’ outlook of higher income may be related to some of their other calling outlooks. ( p. 1204 )
What is interesting about this survey is that it seems as if it’s more focussed on males versus females. Sing that physical therapy is a female-dominated profession. why is it that Johanson perceives males with more outlooks than females. particularly since males are underrepresented as there were merely 238 respondents versus the 678 adult females respondents. Besides. the survey limited itself by non researching “family duty and association with calling outlooks. ” ( Johanson. 2007. p. 1206 )
Gender and Physical Therapy Career Success Factors
Rozier. C. K. . Raymond. M. J. . Goldstein. M. S. . and Hamilton. B. L. ( 1998 ) investigated certain factors considered of import in specifying physical therapy calling success between work forces and adult females. This information was collected through written studies. A sample of 1. 906 physical healers responded to the questionnaire. Results show both work forces and adult females identified the undermentioned factors as indexs to accomplishing calling success: practicing ethically. bettering patient wellness. and experiencing satisfied over high income or position place. ( Rozier et al. . 1998 ) Rozier et Al. ( 1998 ) besides mentioned that household issues influence the factors of accomplishment ; particularly in females ( i. e. . “ability to pull off household duties in concurrence with employment chances. ” ) ( p. 690 ) A few things that limit this survey is the qualitative analysis on motivational factors like household. friends. and internal motive.
Planing the Interview
Broad guesss shows physical therapy has a turning figure of appliers within recent old ages. ( Johanson. 2004 ) One may inquire why a individual would prosecute a calling in physical therapy when there are other businesss with more prestigiousness and higher income benefits during this clip. This concern was fulfilled by first look intoing the market within the medical field. By utilizing a theoretical account that manipulated informations collected through APTA member studies. the appointed APTA undertaking force showed that there’s an increasing demand for physical healer. ( APTA Projects Future Supply and Demand of Physical Therapists. 2013 )
While a literature reappraisal was conducted. it became evident that physical therapy is a female-dominated industry. which means there may be a rise in males come ining the field. However. there isn’t plenty grounds to back up an equal fiscal compensation for physical healers which raises concern as to why else people would prosecute physical therapy as a calling. With limited research done from a qualitative position. it became evident that a semi-structured interview and Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was an appropriate informations aggregation technique and methodological analysis to capture the participant’s life experiences. developed through factors such as athleticss. The participant is a male undergraduate pupil who covered the spreads found in the three quantitative literature when asked lifestyle inquiries. These interview inquiries are referenced in Figure 1.
1. Why did you take Physical Therapy?
2. How did you acquire into Physical Therapy?
3. What are you making to work towards your end to go a physical healer? 4. What webs have you made so far?
5. How would your web aid you in your end?
All placing information has been altered to guarantee confidentiality. The participant’s name is Joe. At the clip of the survey. Joe was a 19-year-old full-time pupil prosecuting his undergraduate grade in the Pre-Physical Therapy option of the establishments Kinesiology plan. Joe is considered a sophomore in college. with at least 30 accomplished one-fourth units out of 120 units. His college degree Grade Point Average ( GPA ) ranges between a “B-“ to a “B. ” Joe’s female parent is an comptroller and his male parent is a auto salesman. He had grown up in the U. S. life in a middle-class society. Joe has experience in football. association football. and hoops. but specialized in street hockey. Data Collection
The interview ran for 26 proceedingss. The interview was recorded and transcribed direct ensuing in seven pages of transcript. The picture entering device used was a Macbook laptop utilizing the Photo Booth application confronting the camera at the participant. The interview took topographic point on a park bench within a tribunal pace consisting of three other park benches. each of which were non within earreachs of each other. The tribunal pace was secluded from walking traffic between categories. which provided an first-class interview infinite with minimum break. The research worker lead the interview by first interchanging pleasantries and so inquiring resonance edifice inquiries sing current categories. athleticss. and topics of that affair.
Once the treatment moved into athleticss. the participant revealed a phenomenon of how a athleticss hurt resulted in his involvement in physical therapy. Probes and follow-up inquiries funneled the interview to derive information about experiences of his developing involvements in physical therapy. Once the interview was complete. the research worker coded the interview and developed subjects. The interview concluded with good flow and closed swimmingly. However. there were minutes when the interview was paused by the research in hunt of any missing points. but Joe was polite and waited patiently.
The analysis of the interview informations followed category talk by Dr. Atencio on coding to develop subjects. Analysis started by composing up field notes some clip after the interview. decreasing to the recording and reading the transcript several times. Writing notes attempted to supply to reply what is the subject for this research study. Once the whole transcript had been reviewed. initial notes were transformed into short codifications capturing the kernel of the study. These codifications were listed so that the procedure of grouping may get down. Connections between emergent subjects were established so that subjects grouped together into higher order subjects.
Higher order subjects were so given names that represented the subsidiary subjects within that grouping. These subjects were used to research literature to cite in research studies. The subjects were checked in respects to the literature reappraisal and transcript to reflect the existent words of Joe. The subjects were divided between spreads within the literature reappraisal and the interview. which has so been used as infusions to back up this research paper.
Analysis of the consequences revealed an event that lead to his determination in taking physical therapy as a calling. Joe expressed that he and his friends were drawn to athleticss. He mentioned a clip when he and his friends were suppose to garner to play video games. “but alternatively of video games [ they ] merely played hockey and association football outdoors. ” When asked about how Joe became interested in physical therapy he replied: It’s a eldritch circumstance. I didn’t know what I wanted to make when I was traveling through high school so I was merely playing football and during my junior twelvemonth. in pattern. before the season of all time started. a cat went for a tackle. Wrapped around the cat and didn’t even cognize how to undertake. He went around and took out my left articulatio genus. So I had to travel to a physical healer for that.
So what I saw what the physical healer did. I was like—oh. this is pretty interesting—because I was ever wanted something to make something that pertains to athleticss. That’s the one thing that kept me to what I want to make when I grow up. I wanted to make something that relates to athleticss and I saw what they did. They help people. they still helped people in sports… because that’s fundamentally where I want to travel. Although Joe’s hurt was unfortunate. he chose a calling way relation to his avocation in athleticss. which. to this twenty-four hours. his hurt is the cause of prosecuting a calling in physical therapy. Success Factors
Similar to Rozier’s article on success factors. Joe is taking those first few necessary stairss by taking physical therapy categories. looking for internships to pattern physical therapy. and is willing to take any physical therapy place and work his manner up. In contrast to Rozier’s consequences of high income and equilibrating family-issues. Joe managed to manage those factors through his male parent by remaining consistent with his passion and standing up for himself. When asked about how his household experience about him going a physical healer. he replied: They support me except for my pa. He supports me but he wants to command me. We late has a talk where he asked ‘do you want to be a physical healer. ’ and i’m like. ‘yea. I still want to go a physical healer. ’ and so he was like. ‘so you don’t desire to be a orthopaedic physician? ’ and I was like. ‘no… I don’t want to go a orthopaedic physician. I want to go a physical healer. ’ ‘or how about a radiotherapist? ’ … He’s merely seeking to steer me into traveling into the Air Force because that’s the easier manner out and I personally don’t believe there’s an easy manner out.
Joe so talked about how his male parent has been seeking to maneuver him off from physical therapy many times:
He wants me to do money. That’s his end in life. I understand where he’s coming from. that money is what fuels you to what you can make in life. because without money you can’t make anything. And an orthopaedic physician earns more. which is true. They earn more but I’m non traveling to wish it… Physical Therapists earn a good sum. non a great sum but a good sum of money. Enough to populate.
Joe’s passion for his hereafter calling allows him to get the better of great obstructions like his male parent to prosecute his ends. He expressed that whenever his pa gives him a difficult clip with his calling. he reminds himself of how much he loves athleticss. He wants a occupation that keeps him involved with athleticss. Physical therapy does that by manner of bettering an athletes’ wellness. Career Expectations
Joe’s findings mentioned in his success factors overlaps with Johanson’s ( 2007 ) point in explicating that pupils expect having patterns. managing and administering patterns. etc. However Johanson besides pointed that there’s a demand to look into household duties associated with calling outlooks. Joe coincidentally exploits Johanson’s demand by uncovering his support system:
My aunt is my true protagonist. Even though she didn’t pursue physical therapy. she worked with physical healer for a piece and played athleticss through her gollege old ages. My grandmother and my aunt. they talk a batch. and my aunt has a boy excessively. He’s an applied scientist at San Luis Obispo. but seemingly from what my grandmother said. my aunt looks up to me a batch because I can tie in with a batch of people. I can construct connexions with other people. She thinks I can travel far in life. So i’m like. that’s nice to cognize from her. My sister. she supports me but we don’t truly speak about it because it normally diverts into her… My ma is a strong protagonist. Equally long as I keep focal point. she’ll support me.
Joe’s household duties as a college pupil are about non-existent because of his strong household support on any outlooks sing his calling determinations. Professional Program Selection Joe’s interview added great informations to Johanson’s ( 2004 ) article on factors act uponing plan choice: grade conferred. repute of plan. and location. Relatively. Joe is prosecuting a doctor’s degrees at a school with a good repute associated with athleticss. When asked about his programs for alumnuss school after finishing his undergrad. Joe replied: I’ve looked at Sac province. Fresno province. Those are reasonably good plans. My miss friend is presently populating with me and we have a program. She had came back for me cuz she moved to Texas and she came back to California for me. So I’m gon na travel to Texas for her. [ Also. ] physical therapy is reasonably large in Texas and sporting is truly large in Texas and my miss friends’ parents. I’m truly near with them and they presently reside in Texas.
The implicit in motive thrusts Joe to prosecute a doctor’s degrees physical therapy plan which fills a spread in Johanson’s article as to why those factors exist.
Findingss from interview provided a alone part to physical therapy literature by utilizing a qualitative attack to research different factors in how and why some students’ physical therapy aspirations developed. Findingss drew attending to where motive derives from and why they may desire to prosecute physical therapy. Joe found that physical therapy is his span to keep his passion in athleticss and its jocks. His programs. motive. and support system will certainly take him to success.
APTA Projects Future Supply and Demand of Physical Therapists. ( 2013 ) . PT in Motion News. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. apta. org/PTinMotion/NewsNow/2012/1/6/WorkforceModel/ Johanson. M. A. ( 2004 ) . Factors Influencing Professional Master of Physical Therapy and Doctor of Physical Therapy Students’ Program Selection. Journal of Physical Therapy Education. 18. 9-21.
Johanson. M. A. ( 2007 ) . Sexual activity Differences in Career Expectations of Physical Therapist Students. Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association and Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy. 78. 1199-1211.
Rozier. C. K. . Raymond. M. J. . Goldstein. M. S. . & A ; Hamilton. B. L. ( 1998 ) . Gender and Physical Therapy Career Success Factors. Journal of the American Physical Therapy Association and Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy. Vol. 78. 690-704.