Road conveyance in lndia is really popular for assorted grounds. but the status of lndian roads is really hapless and distressing. The rate at road-accidents and human death in the state is really high. Pressure on roads has been on addition and the figure of vehicles is increasing by springs and bounds.
Lack of road-sense has farther complicated the affairs. Driving licences are given on illegal satisfactions to the governments and traffic regulations and ordinances are thrown to the air currents. Overloading is one of the major factors of road- accidents and deceases. The status of the vehicles is barely found road-worthy. The remote-controlled railroad level- crossings further add to the pandemonium and confusion.
The multiplicity of governments and arrant deficiency of coordination among them is another great beginning of concern. Drug-abuse and dependence by drivers is another major cause of accidents. The of all time increasing usage of nomadic phones has posed a new challenge to road-safety. lmmediate and effec’tive stairss should be taken to look into the of all time increasing figure of road-accidents and dedhs. Some really difficult determinations in the affair is the demand of the hr. Roads in lndia are a popular agency of both rider and goods motion.
Travel by route provides a batch of flexibleness. convenience. velocity and dependability. peculiarly at short distances in metropoliss and towns. Therefore. it is the most prefered medium of conveyance. But lndian roads in metropoliss. towns and those linking them. have been in a really hapless status. Their development and care have non kept gait with the growing in vehicular population. Consequently. there are accidents. serious hurts and deceases allaround. Indian roads are ruddy with human blood.
The disregard of lndian roads is hapless. ln the first Plan the spending was 6. 9 per cent of entire outgo which declined to 3 per cent by the Eighth Plan. The disregard and hapless care of lndian roads have made the road-travelvery risky. About 60. 000 lives are lost every twelvemonth in route accidents. This human death rate is 25 times that of the U. S. A. The force per unit area on roads is increasing abnormally and nil effectual and pressing is being done by the concemed governments.
During the twelvemonth 1951-1994 traffic growing in the state was estimated to be 8-10 per cent on an norm. Country’s vehicle strength went up from 3 hundred thousand in 1951 to 253 hundred thousand in 1994. It would duplicate to 540 hundred thousand by the bend of the century. The figure of vehicles in Delhi entirely was 27. 67 hundred thousand in 1996. lt is more than the combined vehicle strength of three other metropolitan metropoliss of Mumbai. Chennai and Kolkata.
The route length in Delhi during this period increased merely to 27. 000 kilometer from 10. 000 kilometer. The state of affairs in other metropoliss and towns is no better. in some instances still worse. The authorship on the wall is in bold and clear letters. The deficiency of route sense by the drivers and other users of the route has farther complicated the affairs. lt is an unfastened secret that people get impulsive licences without cognizing proper drive or the cognition of the traffic regulations.
Lane subject is losing ; road-safety steps are thrown to the air currents ; drivers. peculiarly the young person zig-zag on the roads and the trafiic constabulary remain a soundless witness. Red-lights are frequently jumped. peculiarly in the early and late hours of the twenty-four hours. Over hurrying and go againsting the prescribed bounds are besides at that place in copiousness. There is barely any round-about subject. The automobilists frequently do non admit that the vehicles on the right should be allowed to travel foremost.
The inclination to catch is besides responsible for many route accidents. Furthermore. there are about 40 vehicles of different manners. both slow and fast moving which hamper the smooth flow of traffic. Overloading of riders and goods is really common which is one of the chief factors of accidents and deceases on the route. City coachs are the worst wrongdoers in this regard. They are ever overcrowded and overloaded. ln towns and small towns besides people can be seen sitting on the roof-tops of the coachs.
A full household of married woman and hubby with their 2-3 kids siting a two-wheeler is non an uncommon scene in towns and metropoliss in arrant neglect
of the regulations of road-safety.
Consequently. there are heavy casualties and the governments are kiping over the job oblivious of the urgency of the affair. Like the roads. the status of the vehicles is besides a beginning of great concern. They are really old. rickety and unworthy of usage and still they are running on the lndian roads to the great danger of users and others.
It is estimated that 50 per rent or more of the vehicles on the roads are non road-worthy. lndian inclination to welt the dead Equus caballus is rather obvious. Overloading and plying of deficient vehicles cause the rapid impairment of roads besides accidents which may turn out fatal. Then there are un-manned level-crossings across the railroad lines.
Hundreds of people in lndia dice in such accidents. All these factors have made driving on lndian roads a incubus.
Newspapers are ruddy with the day-to-day studies of fatal route accidents. There is no cooperation and coordination between assorted bureaus and governments concerned with the control and ordinance of route traffic. building and care of roads and those allowing licences to the drivers and enrollment to the vehicles. The roads in the metropoliss are frequently owned and looked afier by multiple bureaus. that makes the confusion worse confounded.
For illustration in Delhi. besides Transport Authority and traffic constabulary there are Municipal Corporation of Delhi ( MCD ) . New Delhi Municipal Corporation ( NDMC ) . Public Works Department and the National Highway Organrzatron. The latter four are chiefly responsible for the building of the roads and their proper care. The quality of the roads is sub- criterion.
They are frequently full of chuckholes. rough and uneven stretches. ln rainy season their status becomes the worst. The deficiency of proper road-lights. marks etc. besides contribute their part of the route jeopardy. The pavings on both sides of the route are non free from invasions. There are stores. khokas. dhabas. workshops etc. on frte pavings meant for walkers. The fix stores park their vehicles right on the route and therefore do congestion and cut down the valuable route infinite. Poor route and street-drainage farther add to the job of accident. .
Addiction and drug-abuse is another country st concern. Many a clip an accident takes topographic point because the driver is a drug nut. The drivers of many types of vehicles are found drive after taking drugs or intoxicant. These drivers can be addicted to one or more drugs. They are in a province of poisoning while driving. Most of the drivers belong to hapless in-between category or lower subdivisions of the society.
They are engaged in driving trucks. coachs. three Wheelers. pacing etc. and are frequently overworked. To get the better of their weariness they frequently take alcohols and so thrust and cause accidents. lntoxication leads to the clouding of perceptual experience and mistakes in judgement.
This leads to catching. foolhardy driving etc. and so to accidents finally. There are accidents. road- accidents. hit and run instances because of the maltreatment of drugs. ln many instances public conveyance drivers are found regular users of drugs.
They drive coachs and lorries and are drug nuts or alkies at the same clip. They turn public conveyance system in the metropoliss into a definite killer- trap. Drivers ofien have ready hard currency as they are paid on day-to-day footing and so it makes far easier to hold entree to alcohol or drugs. The increased usage of nomadic phones is besides a factor which poses a challenge to route safety.
Causes Of Accidents
The elite and rich drivers frequently use their nomadic phones while being on the move in their autos. This consequences in accidents and clangs. These phones have added further to the already declining state of affairs of route deceases and accidents. Driving and utilizing the nomadic phone at the same time may do loss of control of the vehicle or concentration needed in safe and sane drive.
To forestall these accidents. it is imperative that effectual long and short term steps are instantly taken. Road safety should be a mandatory school topic. Roads should be decently maintained and looked after. There should be multi-lane roads wheresoever necessary. There should be separate paths for slow traveling vehicles from those of fast and really fast traveling vehicles.
There should be an effectual cheque on velocity of the vehicles. Radar guns can be used to look into the velocity. Misdemeanor of traffic regulations should be purely dealt with. Grant of driving licences and licenses to vehicles should be decently streamlined. Those driving under the influence of drugs and intoxicant should be given model penalty and their licences cancelled.
There should be heavy mulcts every bit good besides imprisonment. Road revenue enhancement should be increased as a step to cut down vehicle population on the roads.
Peoples should be encouraged to utilize public conveyance system alternatively of their ain autos etc. peculiarly when they are individual. They can ‘also pool cars’ so as to avoid route congestion.
There should be really rigorous regulations with respect to issue of driving licences and enrollment of vehicles. Above all. there should be proper consciousness among the multitudes about route safety. observation of traffic regulations and the proper usage of the roads and national main roads.